Caves and grottos on Crete

More than 3,000 caves have been listed by the Greek Speleological Society. Many of the caves were used as cultic centres and/or places of habitation. For this reason, they yield scientists valuable information about life on Crete.

Every visitor should take following guidance rules on board ( source NAOM ):

1 ) Destroy nothing! Do not damage stalactites or calc-sinter formations; do not scratch words into cave walls, do not hit anything dead and respect the hibernation

2 ) Do not take anything away! Do not knock of anything to take it away as a souvenir. Keep discoveries at their place and inform authorities. Excavations in deposits in front and in the cave are prohibited (preservation order).

3 ) Do not let anything back! No fire in front of caves (smoke moves into the cave), no use of torches as light source (coom production), take away your waste

Prefecture of Lasithi


Half-way between Kritsa und Katharo, of interest for its geology and flora.


Diktaion Andron , Psychro Cave

Around 52 km west of Ayios Nikolaos near the village of Psychro. According to Greek mythology, ZEUS was born here. The cave served as a cultic centre for a long time, and has yielded important finds. The footpath to the cave from the village can also be accomplished on a donkey. Care is necessary when descending into the cave. more information 


Situated in the Lassithi Plateau, near the village Tzermiadon. more information


in South Crete,  near the village Pefkis. more information


Prefecture of Heraklion

Idaion Andron

Around 20 km south of Anoyia, on the Nida High Plateau. According to mythology, Rhea hid her son Zeus from his father Kronos here. The cave served as a cultic centre for a long time and many votive offerings have been found there. They are now housed in the Archaeological Museum of Heraklion.  more Information

Cave of Eileithyia

Around 7 km east of Heraklion. This was used as a cultic centre from the New Stone Age to the 5th century BC. The goddess of childbirth, Eileithyia, was worshipped there. Excavations produced female idols in attitudes of labour, representations of animals and tools dating from the Neolithic period. more information

Ayia Paraskevi Skotinou

Around 22 km of Heraklion, was also an important cultic centre and is worth a visit. more information


Labyrinth  Cave

Situated near the village of Morino. On the road from Zaros to.. more information

Ay. Antonios, Fourmari

near the village of Patsos, beginning of the gorge with the same name. more information


Prefecture of Rethymnon


Near the village of Kamares, 57 km south of Heraklion. This was also a sacred place during the Minoan period, dedicated to the goddess of childbirth, Eileithyia. The famous Kamares vases in the Heraklion Archaeological Museum originated from here. The cave can only be reached after a four-hour hike from Kamares.

Sfendoni Zonianon

Around 13 km west of Anoyia, at an altitude of 800 metres. Its morphological diversity makes it the most beautiful cave on the island. more information

Gerani cave

 Around 6 km west of Rethymnon, under the bridge of gerani. Of great scientific interest. All finds from the cave are in the Museum of Rethymnon. more information

Melidoni cave

3 km from the village of Melidoni and 25 km from Rethymnon. This cave was also a cultic centre. It exhibits beautiful stalagmites and stalactites. A small chapel guards the entrance. more information

Cave at Prinos

Cave with a chappel near the village Prinos. more information

Prefecture of Chania

Elephant cave:  

An underwater cave in the vicinity of Plaka. Only partly explored to date. It takes its name from the petrified remains of dwarf elephants and deer that were found there.


Near the village of Asfendou, with rock carvings dating from antiquity.



above the lake of kournas , near by the village.


From Kalyves towards Neo Horio, right to Stylos and just before the village follow the sighn  up to Samonas. The cave was dicovered in 2004. As it is not explored- only a few people have been inside. Ask for the key in the Taverna. In the cave you have to climb down ledders and you will see a lake on the ground. ther you can see wonderful Stalagtits and Stalagnits - its a unreal scenery. Dont forget a torch and a jacket if you want to visit the hole.


A cave 1200 m in depth, with springs, waterfalls and rivers in its interior.  

Ay. Sofia 

A small cave with a chapel of the same name outside the village of Topolia.   The height of the cavern is 20 m, and it is around 70 m in width.
more information

Drakolaki Cave

Ausgangspunkt ist der Ort Agios Ioannis in den Weissen Bergen, in der Sfakia. Die Tour ist nur mit Führer und einem Höhlenforscher machbar. Adressen von Vereinen finden Sie im Branchenführer, in Chania und Heraklion. Info: